The scale of the upheaval frightened the Company, and it began to strengthen its military by bringing in men and material from England and passing new laws to convict the rebels easily. भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त की लिस्ट, List of Chief Election Commissioners…, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, uprashtrapati list, उप राष्‍ट्रपति…, एक और बैंक मर्जर Government to merge Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank विजया देना और बैंक ऑफ़ बड़ोदा के विलय से…, London Mein India Se Bhi Sasta Store watch video- Poundland is cheapest store in London ( United Kingdom ) . The revolt of 1857 began from Meerut and spread to many parts of India but yet failed to suppress the British rule. However it is often considered that Mangal Pande fired the first shot of the revolt. Mangal Pandey was born to a Brahmin couple in Nagwa village of Uttar Pradesh. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. Similarly, Rani Laxmi Bai wanted her adopted son to succeed the throne, but the British refused. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. It then spread, chiefly in the upper Gangetic plain and central India. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. The farmers in the Champaran district of Bihar were being forced to grow indigo. The very next day, all the angry Indian soldiers of Meerut cantonment released their comrades, killed the British officers, and declared mass revolt. Almost, wiped away the Company`s Rule in India. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The British policy of annexation created deep insecurity among the Indian rulers. They too had a number of grievances. The revolt began on 10th May, 1857 in Meerut. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India. The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were − Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, and; Arrah in Bihar. 18. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. This course discusses how the Revolt of 1857 began, who were the leaders in various areas of the country, how the British suppressed the Revolt and why the Revolt failed. Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. This suppressed discontent bursted out with the use of greased cartridges in the Enfield Rifles. Religious sentiments were also hurt by the British policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 is considered as the first effort for the freedom from Britishers in India. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. Revolt of 1857 intimidated the Company, and it decided to . fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); The Indian rulers now turned against the British. The policies like Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse made the Indians lose faith in the British. Rani Laxmi Bai was defeated and killed in June 1858. The Sepoy Mutiny was a violent and very bloody uprising against British rule in India in 1857. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. Introduction to First War of Independence. Delhi was recaptured in September 1857. The Indian revolt lasted until June 1858. At the same time, a rumor spread that the grease used in the cartridge was made from the fat of cow and the lard of the pig. Late in the afternoon of 10 May 1857, the sepoys in the cantonment of Meerut broke out in mutiny. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. On 24th April, 1857 the Indian sepoys of the Meerut cantonment refused to accept the greased cartridges. Annexation of Jhansi, Satara and Nagpur under the doctrine created great restlessness and distrust especially among the ruling homilies and their dependents. Your email address will not be published. 1 Verified Answer. Article On The Rebellion Of 1857: The Sepoy Mutiny is the popular name of the Rebellion of 1857. Within a short time the revolt spread wildly. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. The revolt of 1857 was first organized attempt of Indians to get rid of the British. The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Indian Rebellion of 1857: Siege of Lucknow, Seven Years' War: Major General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, Biography of Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, India's secret history: 'A holocaust, one where millions disappeared, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); महान और प्रसिद्ध व्यक्तित्व वाले लोगों की जीवनी, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, कैसे बनेगा तीसरा बड़ा बैंक Third Largest Bank in India, विजय दिवस Vijay Diwas जब पाक ने टेके घुटने, Hindu calandar Mahino ke Naam (Hindu Months name), Names of days (Dinon ke naam) in english and hindi. Large landholders in northern India also rose up, since the British East India Company had confiscated land and redistributed it to the peasantry. (iv) Annexation of Jhansi and Satara-British refused to recognize adoption. his superior officers at Barrackpore. Some may call it The Sepoy Mutiny, others might call it the Great Rebellion or even India’s First War of Independence. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack by the East India Company. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. 8,00,000+ Homework Questions. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in… Many Indians feared that their religion was coming under threat. In Delhi, the aged emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was the symbolic leader but the real command was with a group of soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan at Kanpur. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, … 44.The modern historian who called the revolt of 1857 as the ‘first war of independence’ was Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Champaran Satyagraha of 1917: It was the first satyagraha inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. New questions in Social Sciences. It began in the lines of the native infantry, spread very swiftly to the cavalry and then to the city. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). Moreover, the rebel groups did not have a common plan of action or centralized leadership. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations Since the mid-18th century, Nawabs and Rajas had gradually lost their power and authority. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. 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