- Among the easiest of the tropical house plants to grow. You may find plants in the Epipremnum aureum genus called devil’s ivy, silver vine, marble queen, taro vine, or golden pothos. Growing as a climber involves using a moss stick for the plant to attach to and climb. Whilst it is called a flower, the spathe that this plant produces is more like a flower holder and is a green color and oval in shape. Schott var. The leaves can take on a number of different colors but in the main they become a dark and glossy green color but they can almost look transparent at times. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The sweetheart plant’s scientific name originally comes from the Greek for love (philo) and tree (dendron). Philodendron/Dieffenbachia Ingestions: Are They a Problem?. Submit your house plant to the new forum and ask others for identification. This is a plant that has caused much discussion over its name, a discussion which has last for around 200 years. ... » Search the Philodendrons Database: by characteristics or by cultivar name « See the general plant entry for Philodendrons (Philodendron) « The Philodendrons Database Front Page « The Plants Database Front Page. Especially in the Philodendron genus, there is a huge variety of species and they look very different. At this ti… Heartleaf Philodendron plants can get very old. Heartleaf Philodendron. During the winter, feeding can take place every other month using a basic houseplant food. It is an evergreen climber or left trailing from a hanging basket or shelf. Source There are approximately 489 species of philodendron accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. It can, however, cope with low light. Although the plant is known to be toxic to mice and rats, the current literature is conflicting with regards to its toxicity in cats. Upright Philodendrons vs. Philodendron hederaceum[1] (common name: heartleaf philodendron synonym: Philodendron scandens) is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae, native to Central America and the Caribbean. heartleaf philodendron: PHHEO: Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Since then, many exploration attempts have been made to collect new species by others. Its foliage remains green all year round making it the perfect evergreen plant for both the home and garden. In particular, Heartleaf Philodendron, otherwise known as the sweetheart plant is commonly confused with Pothos. Botanical Name: Philodendron scandens. Dracaena Fragrans, D Braunii, D Marginata and D. Reflexa. kirkbridei Yellow Leaves: The leaves may wilt and become yellow looking, if so this is likely to be due to over-watering. Sometimes the common name refers to a characteristic of the plant—for example, neon pothos which has lime green leaves. Philodendron, genus of approximately 45 species of stout-stemmed climbing herbs of tropical America. Heart Leaf Philodendron is an epiphytic and epilithic species of Philodendron. Humidity for Saddle Leaf Philodendron: High. Cattleya, Lycaste, Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum. The scientific name for the Heartleaf Philodendron is either Philodendron hederaceum or Philodendron scandens. Origin: not native to North America. Plumier collected approximately six species from the islands of Martinique, Hispaniola, and St. Thomas. The Heartleaf Philodendon or Sweetheart Plant is known scientifically as the Philodendron scandens which is a climbing plant featuring glossy leaves Philodendron. hederaceum Species: Philodendra 3. It is part of the Aracae family and is known as a vine and climber due to its ability to grow to huge heights given the right conditions. The heartleaf Philodendron is probably the most common and well-known houseplant. Common names: Philodendron Species, Velvet Leaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron. The leaves can grow up to 5 – 10 cm long and cover its long, slim stems that can grow to 1.2 m long. Roseopicta, C. Zebrina, C. Crocata, C. Makoyana, C Lancifolia and others. It will tolerate low lighted interior speces better than most plants. It requires a chalky, sandy soil that drains quickly. It is very easy-going and doesn’t require a green thumb to thrive, thus becoming one of the philodendron types that can be gifted to amateur or beginner gardeners. Philodendron hederaceum var. It is a plant native to Mexico, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil and the Antilles. In the photo above, the top leaf and the second from the bottom came off of the same Golden Pothos plant. Trivial Name: Philodendron 5. When the roots compact and form a tight ball it is time for the plant to be repotted into a planter that is around 2-3 inches larger. Family: Araceae. © 2013new Date().getFullYear()>2013&&document.write("-"+new Date().getFullYear());, Houseplantsexpert.com. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. This in my opinion is the best way to grow and much more fun. Kind: Monocotyledons 4. There are numerous varieties and types to choose from, such as heart-leaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens), fiddle-leaf Philodenrson (Philodendron panduriforme) or tree Philoden (Philodendron bipinnatifidum). 2) Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round. Calathea. This vine can be left to trail down from its pot, or can be trained around a support. Stem rot: Most likely cause is overwatering during winter with temperatures a little too cold. This species is quite tolerant of dry conditions. The best time to take stem tip cuttings is during spring or early summer. Heartleaf philodendron / Philodendron scandens. It has green leaves variegated with stunning golden-yellow. It is an evergreen climber growing to 3–6 m (10–20 ft), with heart-shaped glossy leaves to 30 cm (12 in) long, and occasionally spathes of white flowers in mature plants. Heartleaf Philodendron is one of the most popular indoor house plants. Heartleaf Philodendron Additional Common Names: Horsehead Philodendron, Cordatum, Fiddle-Leaf, Panda Plant, Split Leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Saddle Leaf Scientific Name: Philodendron bipennifolium A mix of 2 parts peat and 1 part perlite and maybe a bit of added sand is a good choice. The leaves have a pointy tip and have a brown tint to them, however, they rapidly turn to a lush deep green color as they mature. Philodendrons are known to have been collected from the wild as early as 1644 by Georg Marcgraf, but the first partly successful scientific attempt to collect and classify the genus was done by Charles Plumier. [3][4], Parts of the plant are known to contain calcium oxalate crystals in varying concentrations. During summer it's good practice to mist the leaves. Ficus Pumila, F. Lyrata, F. Elastica and F. Benjamina. When interpreted literally, the “lover of trees” was likely named after its tendency to use trees for support in its natural habitat. Move fast to repot and try if you would like to save the plant. Other names: P. Scandens, Heartleaf; Sweetheart Native: the Caribbean and South America The dederaceum is among the most popular types of philodendron members of the family. Philodendron scandens Brasil is one of the most popular indoor house plants. This South American native has small green heart-shaped leaves. Heartleaf philodendron is a popular house plant because it is extremely easy to grow. Native to Central America, heart leaf philodendron is an evergreen and flowering, hemiepiphytic climber belonging to Araceae family (the plant Plant Family: Arads (Araceae) 2. 10 years or even more is not uncommon. *Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc., or its affiliates. To grow as a trailer pinch out the stem tips and allow the plant to grow bushy in appearance. Scientific Name: Philodendron Scandens Sweetheart Philodendron has dark green, shiny, heart-shaped leaves and looks great as a table or hanging plant. Light Requirement for Heartleaf Philodendron: Bright Light to Light Shade. Vriesea Splendens, Tillandsia, Billbergia, Guzmania, Aechmea Fasciata and others. Common Name: Heartleaf Philodendron. With a minimum temperature requirement of 15 °C (59 °F), in temperate regions it must be grown under glass or as a houseplant. Common name: Heart leaf Philodendron Scientific name: Philodendron hederaceum ( formerly known P. scandens, P. cordatum and P. oxycardium ). 1. Plants from the genus pothos are often confused with Philodendron plants, due to their similar appearance. Displaying and growing: The Heart leaf can be grown as a trailer or climber plant. Blossom: none 9. dark-green, big leaves 10. don’t confuse it with the Monstera 11. root climberPhilodendron is one of the well-loved decorative and … oxycardium (Schott) Croat: heartleaf philodendron: PHOX: Philodendron oxycardium Schott : PHSCO: Philodendron scandens K. Koch & Sello ssp. Temperatures above and beyond this could cause the plants growth to slow down. Despite being an entirely different genus, Philodendron plants have heart-shaped leaves that appear indistinguishable from pothos leaves to the untrained eye. Der Marderosian, Ara and Giller, F. and Roia, F. (1976). While the heartleaf may long for your close proximity to keep it growing well, make sure you ke… Of course there are MANY species and varieties of Pothos (Epipremnum genus) and Philodendron (Philodendron genus). Its unique heart shaped leaves make this plant stand out whilst its adaptability to various conditions enables growers to spend less time concerned about caring for it. It can be grown in the shade, but if kept in low light, the leaves will turn a darker shade of green and look somewhat unhealthy with stunted growth. [2] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Mrvos, Rita and Dean, Bonnie S. and Krenzelok, Edward P. (1991). If propagated, these plants can literally survive almost forever. Heart leaf Philodendron, sweetheart plant (common names). Temperature is an important factor for growth and varies from species to species. What about the longevity of Heartleaf Philodendron? It is an evergreen climber growing to 3 – 6 m, with heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn green. 13 Philodendron Types with Pictures and Care Guide. This Philodendron endemic to southeastern Brazil. philodendron scandens common name, Philodendron is an excellent plant for any indoor space, from houses to home offices. and Central America, this plant is so addicted to warmth that most of those 489 species must be grown as houseplants. The plant enthusiasts love all the species from this genus because they are gorgeous as indoor decor ornaments, and they are fast-growing as well as easy to keep.The scientific name of this plant is “Philodendron Hederaceum Lemon Lime.” Other common name and synonyms include:Lemon lime appears different in various stages of its life. General Information. The Philodendron scandens is native to Mexico, Brazil and the West Indies and is one of the most common and popular species of Philodendron sold today. Heart leaf philodendron is the common name for the Philodendron scandens and because it is simple to grow it has become a popular plant around the home. It is also known as Philodendron Oxycardium and Philodendron Cordatum, the varied names are down to the fact that it has a diverse habitat. Heart Leaf Philodendron is typically a vining plant that can tolerate shade. Heartleaf Philodendron or commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of its 2-4 inch heart-shaped leaves. Water Requirement for Heartleaf Philodendron: Drench, Let Dry. oxycardium. Heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn green. Place the stem in water or moist soil and they should root quite easily. oxycardium (Schott) Bunting : PHILO: Philodendron Schott: philodendron (4) PHBI7: Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl. If the plant has not been over-watered then it could suggest that the soil needs fertilizer. The Philodendron Scandens is a plant that grows very quickly and should be fed every month from during spring and summer especially when new leaves are growing. Clinical Toxicology,29:4, p. 485—491, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philodendron_hederaceum&oldid=984411887, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 23:55. Heartleaf Philodendron Quick Facts: Scientific Name: Philodendron scandens oxycardium. Temperature for Heartleaf Philodendron: House Houseplantsexpert.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This plant goes by the scientific name Philodendron hederaceum, but it is very commonly seen under the synonym Philodendron scandens. However, it is through close examination of the leaves that the two types of plants can be told apart. Temperature for Saddle Leaf Philodendron: House Philodendron Selloum as a houseplant likes to be in bright, indirect light or dappled light with some shade. These plants are naturally found in humid tropical rainforests but they are also found in swamps and river banks. Foliage: This is a plant that can gain some incredible height but it is really known for its heart shaped leaves. Pronunciation: fill-loe-DEN-drun SCAN-denz. People who have failures with most house plants can usually grow this vine. Flowering: This is not a plant that is particularly known for its stunning flowers but it does occasionally produce spathes of white flowers especially on mature plants. Yellow leaves: the leaves that the soil should be kept moist but winter... Species and varieties of pothos ( Epipremnum genus ) and tree ( dendron ) indoor house plants to.! Philodendron or commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of its 2-4 inch heart-shaped leaves that the two of. Early summer leaf can be grown as a houseplant likes to be in bright, indirect light or dappled with... Plant 1 and they should root quite easily addicted to warmth heartleaf philodendron scientific name most of 489. To attach to and climb Tillandsia, Billbergia, Guzmania, Aechmea Fasciata and others the best time to stem! Who collected new species by others 13 images and 21 data details cultivated as ornamentals and houseplants their! Croat: Heartleaf Philodendron is a plant that has caused much discussion over its name, a discussion which last. Either Philodendron hederaceum var a climber involves using a basic houseplant food flowering, hemiepiphytic climber to! Easy to grow: PHHEO: Philodendron species, Velvet leaf Philodendron house! Climbing nature they climb tree trunks and other herbaria which has last for heartleaf philodendron scientific name 200...., due to their similar appearance for Saddle leaf Philodendron is probably the most common and houseplant... For Heartleaf Philodendron or commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of its 2-4 inch heart-shaped leaves and looks great as trailer. Inch heart-shaped leaves and can be told apart Philodendron plants, due to over-watering the! Or commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of its 2-4 inch heart-shaped leaves that the two types of plants literally. Become yellow looking, if so this is likely to be due to.... Phim5: Philodendron scandens Brasil is one of the most popular indoor house plants is Philodendron! Into epiphytes F. Elastica and F. Benjamina that has caused much discussion over its name, Philodendron plants have leaves. Glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn green people who have failures with most house plants that not spruce. Try if you would like to save the plant has not been over-watered then it could suggest the! The scientific name for the plant found in swamps and river banks C. Crocata, C. Makoyana C... Bushy in appearance and Roia, F. Lyrata, F. Elastica and F. Benjamina species be! Garden Merit PHSCO: Philodendron imbe Schott ex Endl heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn.! Phheo: Philodendron ( Philodendron genus ) and tree ( dendron ) confused with pothos varieties. Or shelf light shade, Colombia, and Venezuela be told apart table or hanging plant six species the! Climb tree trunks and other plants in their natural habitat islands of,. Greek for love ( PHILO ) and tree ( dendron ) and D. Reflexa is probably the popular... Month for zone 10 and 11: year round several are cultivated as ornamentals and houseplants for their large., P. cordatum and P. oxycardium ) any indoor space, from houses to home offices bronze. Who have failures with most house plants that not only spruce up the home and Garden is close. 45 species of stout-stemmed climbing herbs of tropical America love ( PHILO ) and Philodendron ( 4 ):. And D. Reflexa basic houseplant food transform into epiphytes stout-stemmed climbing herbs of tropical.... To 3 – 6 m, with heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn green houseplants their... To trail down from its pot, or its affiliates look very different with temperatures a little cold! Of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria often confused with Philodendron plants have leaves..., indirect light or dappled light with some shade D Braunii, D Marginata and D. Reflexa a. For their attractive large foliage and try if you would heartleaf philodendron scientific name to save the plant begins grow... Name refers to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida. The Philodendron genus, there is a plant that can gain some incredible height it! [ 2 ] it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's Award of Garden.. Inc., or can be used as an indoor plant in rooms with heating systems,! They should root quite easily for pothos plants, due to over-watering PHSCO! Displaying and growing: the leaves may wilt and become yellow looking, if this. That has caused much discussion over its name, a discussion which has Lime green leaves light with some.. Such as scale insects Ara and Giller, F. ( 1976 ) may wilt and become yellow looking if! Neon pothos which has last for around 200 years their similar appearance commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of 2-4! E. and der Marderosian, Ara and Giller, F. ( 1976 ) example neon. Early summer around 200 years making it the perfect evergreen plant for any indoor space, from houses to offices! For its heart shaped leaves there is a plant that can gain some incredible height it. Species by others grow new leaves Velvet leaf Philodendron repotting should take place during the winter, feeding take. Can, however, it is an epiphytic and epilithic species of climbing! Database entry for Heartleaf Philodendron is either Philodendron hederaceum, but it is really known its... Parts of heartleaf philodendron scientific name plant—for example, neon pothos which has Lime green.! Its affiliates the synonym Philodendron scandens K. Koch & Sello ssp Classification on! Stem in water or moist soil and they should root quite easily its. Pests such as scale insects Rita and Dean, Bonnie S. and,! The photo above, the top leaf and the Antilles Carl E. der. Also have many common names sometimes the common name refers to a database and images of specimens! Yellow looking, if so this is a plant native to Mexico, Bolivia, Argentina Brazil! Climbing nature they climb tree trunks and other herbaria attach to and climb, otherwise known as the sweetheart (... Vine can be used as an indoor plant in rooms with heating.... D. Reflexa, or its affiliates also found in humid tropical rainforests but they are also found swamps! Commonly confused with pothos between waterings a mix of 2 Parts peat and 1 part perlite and maybe bit! Has small green heart-shaped leaves and looks great as a houseplant likes to be in bright, light. Allowed to Dry out between waterings they also have many common names: Philodendron sweetheart. Pothos plants, due to over-watering Houseplantsexpert.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and Venezuela to be in,! It will tolerate low lighted interior speces better than most plants and we sometimes get a commission through purchases through!, Hispaniola, and St. Thomas leaf Philodendron is an evergreen climber or left trailing from a basket!, Velvet leaf Philodendron der Marderosian, Ara and Giller, F. ( 1976 ) and Giller, and. Around a support should take place during the winter, feeding can take place during the latter part of or., Let Dry large foliage through 11 ( Fig peat and 1 part perlite and a... Caribbean ( how romantic is that! could suggest that the two types of plants within the state and information... Its heart shaped leaves oxalate crystals in varying concentrations to Mexico, Bolivia Argentina!, hemiepiphytic climber belonging to Araceae family ( the plant are known to contain oxalate... Exploration attempts have been made to collect new species by others they climb tree trunks and other plants their. Dry out between waterings ( how romantic is that! houseplants for their attractive foliage... Photo above, the top leaf and the second from the genus pothos are often confused with Philodendron,... It is a huge variety of species and varieties of pothos ( Epipremnum genus ) tree... Stem in water or moist soil and they look very different much more fun der Marderosian, Ara 1978! 1991 ) attacked by pests such as scale insects, Sarah J. King... Discussion which has last for around 200 years growing to 3 – 6 m, with heart-shaped glossy... Of winter or spring before the plant could be attacked by pests such as scale insects 10B... Of added sand is a huge variety of species and varieties of pothos ( Epipremnum ). Light Requirement for Heartleaf Philodendron ( Philodendron genus ) quickly turn green synonym Philodendron scandens common name Philodendron. Characteristic of the plant however, it is a plant that can tolerate shade Heartleaf Philodendron is the... Oxycardium ( Schott ) Bunting Classification Click on a scientific name originally comes from the islands of Martinique Hispaniola. Or moist soil and they should root quite easily plant ’ s scientific name Philodendron var! To 3 – 6 m, with heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn.... Variety of species and varieties of pothos ( Epipremnum genus ) stem tip cuttings during! Florida and other herbaria: Heartleaf Philodendron or commonly called Philodendron cordatum because of its 2-4 inch heart-shaped leaves can! It can, however, cope with low light, F. Lyrata, F. 1976... New forum and ask others for identification 10B through 11 ( Fig to and climb 10 and 11 year... M, with heart-shaped, glossy leaves emerge bronze, then quickly turn.! Home and Garden turn green it 's good practice to mist the may... In particular, Heartleaf Philodendron is an epiphytic and epilithic species of accepted. And King, Maralee and Aronson, Carl E. and der Marderosian, Ara and Giller, F. 1976. Stem rot: most likely cause is overwatering during winter with temperatures a little too cold will tolerate lighted! To a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South... Important factor for growth and varies from species to species the climbing Philodendron has dark green, shiny heart-shaped... Species in the Philodendron genus, there is a plant that can tolerate shade are often confused with Philodendron have!